Size: Standing 1.5 to 1.9m tall at shoulders and weighing 700 to 1200kg.
Food: Can thrive in swamps eating aquatic plants but prefer to live on grasslands eating pasture.
Where Found: Common in Asia where widely used for ploughing and transportation. In Australia the largely feral population fluctuates with markets and disease control measures although some dairy herds now operate.
Uses: Draft uses- buffalo are ideal for ploughing rice paddys. Buffalo milk is used fresh and for production of yoghurt and speciality cheeses.
Notes: Lifespan in captivity is up to 25yrs.
Females produce calves every other year after a 9-11month gestation. Young males stay with maternal herd for 3yrs before forming male herds. Females stay with maternal herds. Water buffalo have been domesticated for over 5000yrs.