Vanellus Tricolor

Description

The Banded Lapwing is a medium-sized shorebird with short dark purplish legs and a dull red tibia. The have an upright stance and a slow walk, breaking into a faster trot when alarmed. The bill is a pale yellow with a black tip and a small red wattle lies at the base. They have a black cap, a white throat and under parts, white eye stripes and a black breast band extending up each side of its neck to its face.

Distribution

Banded Lapwings are endemic to Australia and are found throughout the mainland and Tasmania. They are rarely found in northern Australia and are uncommon in most coastal areas.

Lifespan

The lifespan of the Banded Lapwing is approximately 9 - 12 years.

Size

The average Banded Lapwing range from 25 cm to 29 cm in length and weigh on average 190 grams.

Diet

Banded Lapwings feed on seeds and insects, including worms, ants, termites, beetles, cockroaches, grasshoppers, crickets and caterpillars.

Habitat

Banded Lapwings are endemic to (found only in) Australia in the east, south and west of the mainland and in Tasmania. They are rarely found in northern Australia.

Breeding

The breeding season for the Banded Lapwing is from June to November however, they may nest any month in dry inland areas following rain. It will usually nest in an open area well away from trees or scrub where the sitting bird has a wide uninterrupted view of its surroundings. The incubation period is 26 to 28 days and the care for the young is biparental. During breeding season they are aggressive defending their territory and attacking any predator that comes close to the nests.