Sus scrofa

Description

Berkshire pigs are early-maturing black pigs and often have white on their legs, faces, and the tips or their tails. Their ears are fairly large and are erect or slightly leaned forward.

The Berkshires are smart, social, curious and fun loving and have been found to be very intelligent animals. They can easily get sunburnt in summer so in order to prevent this they immerse themselves in mud and then allow it to dry to give their skin a layer of protection from the sun.

Berkshire pigs are said to be “Britain’s oldest pig breed”, originally bred in the Faringdon and Wantage regions of the English county of Berkshire. They apparently became popular after being ‘discovered’ by Cromwell’s troops while they were stationed at Reading during the English Civil War.

Distribution

The Berkshire Pig originated from England, but they are now found in several parts of the world.

Lifespan

The lifespan of the Berkshire Pig is 10 - 20 years.

Size

Their weight can range between 350 and 500kgs.

Diet

Pigs will feed on most anything.

From food scraps to whatever they can source under the surface of the soil with their snouts, this is called routing.

Habitat

The Berkshire Pig lives in forests, grasslands, woodlands and swamps.

Breeding

A pig’s gestation period is 3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days.