Capra Hircus

Description

Domestic sheep are relatively small ruminants, usually with a crimped hair called wool and often with horns forming a lateral spiral. Depending on the breed, domestic sheep may have no horns at all or horns in both sexes, or in males only. Most horned breeds have a single pair, but a few breeds may have several.

Size

Depending on the breed, sheep show a range of heights and weights. Their rate of growth and mature weight is a heritable trait that is often selected for in breeding. Ewes typically weigh between 45 and 100 kilograms and rams between 45 and 160 kilograms.

Food

Sheep's are vegetarians and ruminants, like goats and cows, which means they have four chambered stomachs designed to extract the maximum nutrition from everything they eat.

Habitat

Domestic sheep have adapted to all sorts of climates due to the fact that humans have bred them for various characteristics. Domesticated sheep can be spotted anywhere from tropical regions to desert regions.

Distribution

Generally found on the lower eastern and western side, and the upper eastern side of Australia.

Breeding

Most sheep are seasonal breeders, although some are able to breed year-round. Ewes generally reach sexual maturity at six to eight months of age, and rams generally at four to six months. After mating, sheep have a gestation period of about five months, and normal labor takes one to three hours. Although some breeds regularly throw larger litters of lambs, most produce single or twin lambs.