The Pied Imperial Pigeon is a large and predominately white pigeon, often with faint cream or grey tint on head and neck. Black on lower part of wings, end of tail as well as black eyes and a pale yellow bill. Can often be heard ‘coo-wooing’ at dawn and dusk.
The Pied Imperial Pigeon is commonly found in northern Australia in coastal areas from the Kimberley’s to the Great Barrier Reef. Birds residing in the Kimberley’s are non-migratory, while the birds in the east of Queensland are migratory. Migratory birds in the east arrive from Indonesia and Papua New Guinea in August and depart February to April.
The average lifespan of the Pied Imperial Pigeon is approximately 20 years.
The size of the Pied Imperial Pigeon is 35 - 45 centimetres in length, with a 45 cm wingspan.
This is an arboreal dove that feeds exclusively on fruit. It can swallow fruits with very large seeds that they will later regurgitate or excrete whole, after the pulp has been removed.
The Pied Imperial Pigeon generally can be found in rainforests, eucalyptus woodland, coastal scrubs, streams, rivers, mangroves and islands.
The Pied Imperial Pigeon builds an untidy stick nest in a tree, usually a coconut palm and lays a single white egg. The egg will hatch within 23 to 25 days and the young will attempt to fly after about 3 weeks. In Australia, they breed between August and January in mangroves, vines, and palms on off shore islands.