Cavia porcellus

Description

The Guinea Pig is a species of rodent native to Guinea. The Guinea Pig lives in groups of 10.

Distribution

Guinea Pigs originated in South America but are now found throughout most parts of the world.

Some countries view the Guinea Pig as a delicacy however most countries simply own them as pets. A large variety of coat colours and types have been developed.

Lifespan

Guinea Pigs can live between 5 and 8 years.

Size

The Guinea Pig weighs between 700g - 1.2kg.

Diet

Guinea Pigs are herbivores and require fresh, clean vegetables and grass. They will often eat their own droppings, which is known as coprophagy and is important in obtaining their protein content.

Habitat

The Guinea Pig inhabits rocky areas, grasslands and forest edges.

Breeding

A sow can have between 1 and 6 puppies but generally averaging 3 - 4 but have been known to have up to 8. Their young are born fully developed with a full coat of hair and eyes open. They will start wandering around an hour after birth and take solid food a day or two later.

Other Names

Cavy