Numida meleagris


The Helmeted Guinea Fowls body plumage is gray-black with white. Like other guineafowl, this species has an unfeathered head, in this case decorated with a dull yellow or reddish bony knob, and red and blue patches of skin. The wings are short and rounded, and the tail is also short. They make a loud harsh crackling chatter.


The Helmeted Guinea Fowl is found in Africa, Southern France and West Indies.

Oakvale Distribution Maps png Helmeted Guinea Fowl


The average lifespan of the Helmeted Guinea Fowl is between 10 - 15 years.


The Helmeted Guinea Fowl stands about 53 - 58cm high and weighs about 1.3kg.


The Helmeted Guinea Fowl eats seeds, fruit, insects, frogs, lizards, small snakes, small mammals and greens.


The Helmeted Guinea Fowl prefers dry open habitat with scattered trees and shrubs.

Spends days on the ground foraging for food and roosts in trees at night. Gregarious and form flocks of about 25 birds which roost communally.

Tend to run rather than fly although they can fly well.


The Helmeted Guinea Fowl breeds in warm, fairly dry and open habitats with scattered shrubs and trees or farmland. Males often show aggression towards each other, and will partake in fighting which will leave other males injured. The nest will be well-hidden, with a clutch of normally 6 - 12 eggs which the female incubates for 26 – 28 days. Nests containing larger numbers of eggs are generally believed to be the result of more than one hen using the nest. The chicks can fly within 7 days.

Other Names

African Guinea Fowl.